DIABETES & FOOT CARE
Podiatry is an integral part of health care in the management of diabetes.
Podiatric interventions including preventative care, foot risk assessments, wound management and foot orthoses have been demonstrated to significantly reduce rates of foot ulceration and amputation in people with diabetes.
Diabetic feet are at risk because diabetes can cause damage to the nerves and the blood supply to the feet. Reduced nerve sensitivity means injuries can go unnoticed and poor circulation extends the healing process. People are also at increased risk of infections such as tinea, fungal toenails and cellulitis.
There are 3 risk categories to feet: low, intermediate and high. Knowing the risk and taking care of your feet can prevent serious problems even amputation.
To determine your risk category a podiatry foot risk assessment is performed which includes investigation of the following categories:
- Vascular: arterial and venous (blood supply)
- Neurology (nerves)
- Dermatology (skin)
- Morphology (foot shape)
- Biomechanics (the way you move)
The assessment is followed by your podiatrist providing you with advice on your risk category, lower limb complications, appropriate self management initiatives, supportive footwear features and foot hygiene.